Types of Water Heaters

A water heater is a huge purchase for any homeowner. With the ever-important task of supplying hot water to your entire home, it’s important to consider all your options before you begin the shopping process. Here, we’ll discuss the different types of water heaters available, with a focus on storage, fuel type, venting and other features.

Water Heater Storage Types

There are two primary types of water heaters: tankless and storage tank.

Tankless Water Heaters

Tankless water heaters don’t actually store any water at all. Rather, they contain coils that heat water when you need it, ensuring you always have hot water on demand.

Tankless water heaters are highly efficient because they only heat water when you need to use it. However, they only offer a limited supply of hot water per minute (approximately 3.5 gallons per minute). For this reason, a tankless water heater may not be the best option for a large family or a high-demand household that frequently uses multiple hot water sources at the same time.

A tankless water heater is a great option for those who only need a limited supply of hot water at any given time. The high upfront cost may be a deterrent for some, but their high efficiency and cost savings over time may be worth it in the long run.

Storage Tank Water Heaters

Storage tank water heaters, on the other hand, have an insulated tank that stores hot water. The tank can come in a range of sizes, from 28 gallons to more than 75 gallons. In general, the more people in your household, the larger the tank you’ll need.

Storage tank water heaters are ideal for families and high-demand households because they can support multiple hot water sources simultaneously. For example, if you want to wash the dishes and do laundry while someone is taking a shower, a storage tank water heater will be a better option than a tankless water heater.

Fuel Type

In addition to determining whether you want a tankless vs a tank water heater, you’ll need to determine what type of fuel source you’ll use before you make your purchase.

Water heaters are available in natural gas, liquid propane and electric. Some water heaters can also connect to your boiler, if you have one.

Natural Gas

Natural gas is a fossil fuel that’s emitted by decomposing organisms deep in the ground. It is more cost effective than propane, which makes it attractive for those who are looking to save money.

However, natural gas functions as a greenhouse gas when released into the environment. For this reason, it isn’t the most environmentally friendly fuel source. It is also not available in all homes.

The verdict: If saving money is your biggest priority, then a natural gas water heater may be a great option for you.


Propane is a clean-burning, environmentally friendly alternative to natural gas. It produces less carbon monoxide than natural gas, making it safer as well.

While propane is a safer and eco-friendlier option than natural gas, it’s unfortunately more costly. Propane is typically at least one-third more expensive than natural gas, which is something to consider if you’re on a budget. Propane is typically used in more rural areas where natural gas is not available.

The verdict: A propane water heater is a clean alternative to natural gas, but may be more expensive to use.


Electric water heaters are typically less expensive to install than gas water heaters, but much more expensive than gas over time. Electric water heaters cost about twice as much to operate when compared to natural gas. As far as the environment goes, electric takes the cake as the most eco friendly fuel source.

The verdict: If you value the environment above all else, an electric water heater is the way to go.

Water Heater Venting

If you decide to go with a natural gas or a propane appliance, you will also want to think about how to vent your water heater. At Total Home Supply, we give you the option of four types of venting: standard atmospheric vent, power vent, direct vent, and power direct vent. Only electric water heaters are non-vented.

  • Standard Atmospheric Vent: These units vent out through a traditional chimney. The vent pipe must extend up, out, and above the roof line. This is the least efficient form of venting a gas water heater.
  • Power Vented: These models use a fan to force the exhaust out. They can be vented vertically or horizontally, but cannot be vented through a chimney, unless it is lined with the proper sized pipe. Power vented water heaters can be easily vented through a wall.Power Vented hot water heaters tend to be more fuel efficient. If possible, locate the water heater so that the venting length and number of elbows are kept to the minimum distance necessary to reach the outside.
  • Direct Vent: Direct vent water heaters use a concentric pipe that takes in outside air for combustion as well as exhausting the combustion fumes. These are great for an area that does not have sufficient intake air.
  • Power Direct Vent: A combination of power venting and direct venting, these water heaters have the efficiency advantages of a power vent while also using outside air for combustion.

Water Heater Features

The water heaters we carry at Total Home Supply come with a vast assortment of features:

  • Energy Star Qualification - The Bradford White RTG-199HE-N Tankless High Efficiency Hot Water Heater stands out as our most efficient water heater. With the Energy Star seal of approval, you can trust that this product will help keep energy costs low and protect the environment.
  • ICON Control System - All Bradford White water heaters feature this system, which maintains accurate and consistent water temperature. Other features include intelligent diagnostics, pilot-on indication and powerful performance software.
  • Defender Safety System - An added safety feature that reliably prevents vapors from igniting. It meets stringent requirements mandated by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).
  • Hydrojet Total Performance System - This system is designed to heat water quickly and efficiently by mixing stored water with incoming water.

One other important feature to consider before purchasing a water heater is its size. You’ll want to make sure that whichever water heater you decide on can fit in your home.

Water Heater Sizes: A Guide

Buying Your Water Heater

Now that you have a better idea of what to look for in a water heater, we hope you can begin shopping with confidence. As with all our products, our water heaters ship for free to the contiguous U.S.

For more information on water heaters, check out our Water Heater Sizing Guide or contact our staff today.