Air Conditioner BTU Calculation Chart and Guide
Size Matters. Especially when choosing the correct BTU size for an air conditioner. Choose too small a unit, you could end up with a room that's not cool enough, or with an air conditioning unit that overheats. On the other hand, too large a unit for the space, will not remove the necessary moisture from the room, making it feel clammy and uncomfortable.
What is a BTU?
A BTU or British Thermal Unit is a measurement of how much energy is required to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree. That might not sound useful when it comes to air conditioning your home or business but the underlying calculation is critical to staying comfortable. Each air conditioner or heater is rated to produce a certain number of BTUs. Many factors go into the calculation to figure out how many you need to keep you comfortable so we have put together a set of tools to help.
The chart below is a great starting point. These BTU calculations are based on a standard room with 8 foot ceilings, 2 windows and one door. If the room has more windows, doors or higher ceilings, adjust the BTU's upward. Other factors in determining the BTU size would be the rooms usage. Kitchens, normally have more heat, and rooms with heat emitting devices, like computers and other electronics give off extra heat and would require a larger unit.
Our BTU calculator was designed to determine how many BTUs are needed for a single room. This calculation will not work for a whole house. We have used our years of experience in air conditioning to put together this simple to use BTU calculator. Simply fill in all the fields, and we will generate a number of BTUs that you should use. Use this number as a guideline when choosing a unit.
All calculations provided are estimates based on the information you provide. This calculator is only designed to determine the needs for a single room, not an entire home or commercial business. If you are trying to determine the size for a multi-zone mini split be sure to calculate each room indvidually then add them together.
Have a more complicated space or need help using this tool? We are here to help. Call us at 877-847-0050.